Choosing a Household Water Filter

Water is an essential component for life. However, in many places, tap water, whether from municipal supplies or a well, has odors, sediments, and bacteria. While bottled water is a safer option, it can be expensive in a large household. Other families are worried about the extra garbage they generate when they use commercial bottled products. In such circumstances, household filters provide safe, potable water without the need to purchase cases of bottles.

Household filters come in four types. They can be for the whole house, under the sink, over the counter, or attached to the faucet. The whole house filter will ensure that all water that is used in the house has been filtered – water in the kitchen sink, bathtub, dishwasher, and washing machine. This water filter will ensure that there is not any sediment deposit at the bottom of the toilet bowl or bathtub and that the appliances are also protected. However, the large amount of water filtered by these systems may require frequent changing of the cartridges.

Under the Sink

A more economical way of providing clean drinking water to household members is to install an under the sink filter. Once installed, it is out of sight but provides filtered, clear water via the kitchen faucet. It is convenient to use and the cartridges last longer. However, only the water used for cooking and drinking is filtered by these systems.

Over the counter and faucet mounted water filters are the simplest to install. They do not require any alterations in plumbing or fixing. Some types of countertop filters are just placed on the kitchen counter and the water is poured into the filter chamber manually as you would into a coffee maker. Others connect quickly to the faucet with a bypass valve to redirect water to the filter.

Faucet water filters are attached directly to the faucet in the kitchen sink. They filter the water as it leaves the pipe and require no expertise to install.

Utilizing a UV Cartridge

Apart from the various models available, household water filters also differ on their ability to filter various contaminants. Some filters are fitted with UV cartridges that kill bacteria present in the water whereas others have a sediment filter to keep out rust and other sediment from being mixed into the tap water. There are filters available to remove this odor as well. This can be done by a filter with a granular activation carbon. On the other hand a house relying on well water should have a water filter that will kill bacterial contamination. This type of water source requires an UV cartridge. Sediment filters are ideal if the water is colored with rust particles.

Another major water contaminant is lead. Older homes could have pipes soldered with lead. Many municipal water pipes too still have lead soldering. A safe way of removing any possible lead presence from drinking water is by installing a lead filter to the pipe leading to the kitchen sink.

Know Your Piping System and the Particular Threat that Exists

There are a variety of water filters available for household use. However, all of them have different capabilities and the choice of household water filter depends on the contaminants present in the water to be filtered.